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SMITH, Susan interviewed by Edith Ruddenklau

 Record Group — Box: 44
Identifier: H0375

Overview

This interview was commissioned by Women's Division of Federated Farmers for a project entitled Pioneer Women. Susan Smith describes her family background and their emigration to New Zealand. She recalls early Otara, living in a 'bungi' (tree fern house) at Otara. She recalls the use of peat for fuel; her grandmother's cooking - sad cake, carrageen pudding made from seaweed and collecting carrageen during World War II for Greggs Ltd, Dunedin. She describes other farm tasks, including rabbiting, killing pigs and making blood pudding. Susan talks about accidents; poor communications; dependence on horse transport; marriage to a lighthouse keeper, giving detailed description of life on lighthouse stations at Waipapa, East Cape, Teri Teri, Manukau, Cape Saunders, Nuggets, Dog Island, Puysegur Point and Centre Island from 1910 to the 1950s and bringing up a family on lighthouses. She mentions the Correspondence School. Susan recalls Government Service boats, shipwrecks; precautions on lighthouses during World War II and describes in detail lighthouse codes and signals (morse code and signals). Susan mentions the wreck of the `Star of Erin' off Waipapa and recalls large earthquake at East Cape Island and cracking of island. She recalls eruption of White Island from East Cape (actual date unclear) and casualties and describes Papa Rock, mail boats and transport.

Dates

  • 1990

Creator

Conditions Governing Access

Access to oral history recordings is via the Archives Research Room only. We are unable to provide access to this material remotely. Where access agreements allow, abstracts, audio extracts and photographs will be accessible online.

Conditions Governing Use

The contents of Southland Oral History Project collections are subject to the conditions of the Copyright Act 1994. Please note that in accordance with agreements held with interviewees additional conditions regarding the reproduction [copying] and use of items in the Southland Oral History Project collections may apply. Please contact the Southland Oral History Project Coordinator for further information.

Extent

1 folder(s)

Language of Materials

English

Creator

Title
SMITH, Susan
Language of description
English
Script of description
Latin

Repository Details

Part of the Southland Oral History Project Repository